McGoughlin and Lee Pedagogy Article

In an overview of Pedagogy for the Networked Society, McGoughlin and Lee (2008) provide a comprehensive summary of the landscape discussing both the learner and technology issues.

They discuss the Three P’s of Pedagogy: Personalization, Participation, and Productivity as it has evolved associated with the development of Web 2.0 technology.

Mobile computing has become omnipresent and adopted by the new generation of learners.

The new generation expects education to be delivered into the technology and at a time that fits their choices.

Tim Berners-Lee (2000) said that besides technology being a tool it needed to be used to create which showed that many years ago forward thinking people anticipated the Web 2.0. Eric Schmidt (2011) said that the future would see ubiquitous computing and as a result he predicted the end of internet.

Ubiquitous computing and social connectivity support the concept of self-determined learning (heutagogy) , and andragogy where adult learners determine their own learning (Hase & Kenyon, 2000).

McGoughlin and Lee use the term co-creation, where learners add value to classes, which occurs horizontally not just bottom-up or top-down. In addition, value is added by dialogue through connectivity.

There is an emerging view of learning as knowledge creation (Paavola & Hakkarainen, 2005). Learning expands through a community of participation, and exchange of information. This skill set emphasizes creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship enabled through Information Communication Technology tools such as; computers, laptops, data projector, software programs.

The key elements to Pedagogy 2.0 are; Personalization, largely driven by customization of the learning environment, Participation, supported by communication tools, and Productivity, generating learner created content.


McLoughlin, C., & Lee, M. J. (2008). The three p’s of pedagogy for the networked society: Personalization, participation, and productivity. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20(1), 10-27.

Berners-Lee, T. (2000). Weaving the Web. New York: HarperCollins.

Hase, S., & Kenyon, C. (2000). From andragogy to heutagogy. ultiBASE, 5(3). Retrieved September 25, 2007, from

Paavola, S., & Hakkarainen, K. (2005). The knowledge creation metaphor – An emergent epistemological approach to learning. Science and Education, 14(6), 535-557.

Eric Schmidt (2011)

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